The High End is a Ramjet


Do you know what a ramjet is? It's the world's simplest jet engine; has no moving parts; and consists of nothing more than a tube with an internal diameter that starts big, tapers to much smaller, and then quickly flares to big again. Near the smallest point, there's a number of tiny holes that act as spray nozzles for the engine's fuel, and just after them is a spark plug or some similar kind of ignition device that fires to get the engine started.

The way a ramjet works is equally simple: As you push it through the air (it needs be moving to get started) air is forced into the front big end and continues down the tube. As the tube gets smaller, the air flow is forced to speed-up by the progressive restriction. As it passes over the spray nozzles, Bernoulli effect (pressure is reduced at right angles to the direction of flow of a gas or liquid) causes fuel to be sucked out of the nozzles and into the flowing air, forming a fuel-air mixture that is fired, initially by the spark plug, and then just becomes a continuous flame, as more and more fuel-air mix enters the second big end (the combustion chamber). The burning mix is the jet exhaust, which forces the tube (and whatever is attached to it) to move faster through the air, which forces more air into the tube to be mixed with more fuel, to be burned, to force the tube ahead even faster. With a ramjet, the faster you go, the faster you go, and the farther the point of combustion moves down the (for that reason, long) tube, until, finally, the engine is moving so fast and shoving so much air through itself that the flame is finally forced completely out the back end of the tube and the whole process stops.

A lot of people have been asking lately why High End audio costs so much, and as a former manufacturer, I'm here to tell you that, from a pricing standpoint, the High End acts just exactly like a ramjet: The more expensive stuff gets, the more expensive it has to be, and around and around and around it goes. The real question is not "will prices go up", but when or if they will, like a ramjet, finally "force the flame out the back end of the tube" and stop the process, entirely.

I wrote, recently, about one High End manufacturer who used a premium faceplate and handles on a $5,000 amplifier even though those parts cost him $200 to have made and added a full $1,000 to the amp's retail price. When asked, he told me that if he hadn't used those, but had used simple sheet metal, instead, and had offered the amp for $4,000 instead of $5,000, he might not have sold any of those units at all.


It's true; pricey goods need to LOOK pricey, or people won't buy them. And it costs money to get that look or to achieve that standard of quality, and that raises the price. Once again, it's "the faster you go, the faster you go."

Another issue that works exactly the same way is what economists call "negative price elasticity of demand". What that means in plain language is that the more stuff costs, the less of it you're going to sell. I read recently that the new "Anniversary Edition" of the Goldmund Apologue speaker will be priced at around US$500,000 and will be available only in very limited quantity.  The fact of it is that, at that kind of pricing, only a very few people can afford them anyway, so, regardless of any quantity limitation, only a very few of those speakers will ever be sold.

It's not just at the extremes of pricing, though, that these considerations apply. I saw recently that one cable manufacturer is using carbon-fiber "shells" on his RCA connectors. If those shells - which, trust me as a former cable manufacturer, are cosmetic, only, and have absolutely no effect on the cables' performance - cost the manufacturer US$5 each to buy and he uses, as he must, four of them for a set of interconnects, then his additional cost for using them will be US$20 and, at the normal "five up" multiplier for most manufacturing operations, they will add US$100 to the retail price of his cables. Same thing for packaging: my cable company paid more than US$30 each for the hand-crafted, laser-etched wooden presentation cases for some of our cables. That added better than US$150 to the MSRP of those products, but when people are being asked to pay more than US$1,000 for ANYTHING, they want it to look as good as it costs.

So here's the question: in the last paragraph, you saw that carbon-fiber shells and deluxe packaging - both things that have nothing at all to do with anything other than the appearance of the product - can, together, add more than US$250 to its price. Is it really worth it to you? If you could buy exactly the same performance for US$250 less, or (in the case of the faceplate and handles of the amplifier) US$1,000 less, or with the Goldmund Apologue Anniversary Edition, some number of thousands or tens of thousands of dollars less money for a "Plain Jane" version, would you?


Every manufacturer of High End audio equipment is constantly faced with the delicate balancing act of trying, all at once, to make his products sound great so you'll want to buy them; to make them pretty enough and of sufficiently high quality that you'll be willing to pay the price that must be charged if he is to stay in business; and to do both of those things at a low enough overall cost of manufacture and operation that he'll be able to make a decent profit.

One basic fact is constantly working against him, though: If the rent is US$1,000 a month and he's selling a thousand items a month, his rent cost per item will only be US$1.00, but if he's only selling one item per month, that one item has got to pay for the whole month's rent. And, all of a sudden, there's the ramjet, again: the fewer the sales, the higher the cost per item; the higher the cost per item, the higher the price of sale has to be; the higher the price of sale, the better and prettier the item has to be for people to want it; the better and prettier it has to be, the higher the cost of manufacture and the necessary retail price will be; the higher the retail price, the fewer will be sold; and around and around, and around again.

Are half million dollar speakers and proportionally expensive audio products of all kinds approaching the limit? Will the flame blow right out the tail pipe and put an end to the whole High End process?


Only time will tell.

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